Training and development are often linked to the improvement of an organization’s performance. They can be viewed as part of an organized learning process that involves the development of individuals and teams.While training and development have different definitions, the two are often used interchangeably. Both have been around for a long time, and within the last two decades have become more associated with various human resources management topics.Various aspects of training have been associated with ancient civilizations all around the world. Early studies on how to improve one’s skills were presented in publications that targeted the south’s enslavers. In the Unted Kingdom, continues professional development (CPD) is widely use in the health and social care sectors, it is view as best practiced work-based professional and accredited education that is evidence-based. This article discussed the undergraduate curriculum for applied psychologists. The Second World War prompted the focus of research on the effectiveness of training programs.The 1960s and 70s saw the beginning of the development of theories and methods in the field of applied psychology. This era also brought about the use of various new training techniques such as television and role playing.The evolution of training and development also broadened to include the use of new literature and cross-cultural training. During the 1980s, the focus shifted to measuring the effectiveness of training programs.The increasing popularity of training and development began to gain momentum in the 1980s and 90s. It was during this period that research began to reveal the importance of cultivating a culture of continuous improvement.The twentieth century brought about the development of crosstraining, which involves training employees on their responsibilities.Methodology:- Training & Development is made up of three areas, these are training, education and development.The people involved in training and development are organized into various groups. These include the sponsors, line managers, facilitators, and providers. The participants are the ones who go through the training and development process.In the last couple of decades, training has become more focused on developing individuals. This has led to the emergence of new learning techniques such as exploratory and discovery learning.Typical projects in the field of training include executive and managerial development, new employee orientation, sales and marketing training, and health and safety training.All employees have different levels of development that they need in order to meet their job roles. They require varying levels of training and development to maintain their effectiveness and keep up with the changes in the company.The instructional design approach is commonly used for developing effective learning programs. This process involves going through the phases of program design, evaluation, and training delivery.The development phase involves identifying the various elements of a learning product and developing strategies and methods for its production. This step also involves the evaluation of the program’s quality and effectiveness.The development phase includes the following elements: identifying the program’s elements, developing strategies, and implementing a communication plan.Evaluation is a part of the development process that involves conducting a formal evaluation. It also involves assessing the program’s effectiveness and other key factors.There are many types of training methods available today, including onthe-job training and off-the-job training. On-the-job training involves working alongside co-workers in various ways such as mentorship, job rotation, and coaching.Unlike on-the-job training, off-the-clock training can be done anywhere. It can be carried out through lectures, conferences, and simulations.This process is usually carried out for programs that offer apprenticeship training. This type of training provides workers with hands-on experience and theoretical knowledge in a variety of fields.Programs that combine on-the-job training with formal education are usually offered at universities and colleges.The information presented in classrooms can be made available in various forms, such as video clips, lectures, and demonstrations.Self-directed learning is a type of training that involves students working at their own pace. It uses various resources such as books and manuals to break down complex topics into logical sequences.Video training: This type of training works by using visuals to teach the procedures and skills needed in a certain job.E-learning is training that’s done using various online and computer resources. Examples of this include satellite-based video training and computer-based training.The main benefits of training are increased productivity, reduced supervision, and improved employee morale. It is also beneficial for organizations as it prepares employees for higher-level jobs and helps them gain a better understanding of their company’s goals. However, some individuals believe that investing in training is a waste of money and time.